Plumbing: Hot and cold water meter
Despite the initial bureaucratic troubles and material costs, the installation of water meters by plumbing will greatly facilitate life in monetary and moral terms. Moreover, utilities are not going to get cheaper.
How much water do we use?
One of the incentives to establish by the plumbing will be the realization that consumption does not correspond to the numbers on the receipts (this is the moral side of the issue). The only correct way out of this situation is to install meters for hot and cold water by the plumbing, which will measure the volume of water passed along a section of the pipeline in your apartment. The family will pay only according to the indication of the device while saving about 40%. All organizational issues are resolved in the local branches of the water utility. The installation itself will require contacting a certified organization.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages will be visible already in the first month after installation of the plumbing:
- overpayment stops, the difference between the average tariff and the actually used water is very noticeable;
- control over the consumption of cold and hot water with the possibility of rational planning of life activities;
- there is no need to pay for a family member who is temporarily absent from the apartment.
There are also disadvantages:
- low-quality devices can give distorted numbers;
- if the meter breaks or the seal is damaged, the device is dismantled by the plumbing for repair and during its absence, charges are made at the average rate.
How does the counter work?
The installation by the plumbing itself is not difficult and will justify itself in six months. Saving water will return the cost of meters and installation work. You will also have to pay for a check every few years. But this is not a lot of money.
The principle of operation divides water meters into:
The latter type is widely used in a residential complex for installation by the plumbing in apartments. The device counts the rotation of the impeller, which is influenced by the flow of water passing through the meter. Single-channel, two-channel, multichannel – this is how the meters are classified according to the possibility of simultaneous maintenance of pipelines. By design features – separate, compact.
The material from which the bearings and the impeller are made are used differently for hot and cold water meters. Therefore, cold meters work with water up to 40 degrees Celsius, and hot ones – up to 150. Well, meters for industrial needs are different in principles of operation, and in materials of manufacture, and in size.
Simple and inexpensive wet meters responsible for counting are not shielded from water in meter designs. Therefore, they do not last long, they become clogged and begin to show highly distorted numbers. A magnetic baffle in dry meter designs prevents dirt from entering the sensor. Continuing the conversation about counting sensors, we note that they are single-jet and multi-jet. The design of the latter allows for minimal distortions in the calculation.
Installation and operation through plumbing
The installation is carried out by licensed companies that provide a guarantee for their work. The meter is inspected by a water utility inspector and, in the absence of comments, is sealed. It is forbidden to install in rooms with a sharp temperature drop, there should be no technical devices with magnetic fields nearby, it is forbidden to cover the water meter, it is forbidden to suddenly supply water to it. The meter must be kept filled with water at all times. It should be inspected for damage once a week. And every year, clean and replace the filter.
Plumbing: Water meter
The desire to save on the consumption of services related to housing needs makes us look for effective methods. One of these is the installation of meters. This allows you to pay for the use of the real amount of water, and not the average for the whole house, linked to the number of people living in the living space.
For plumbing, Counters and steps to install them
For one tenant, water consumption per month is not so much in monetary terms. But a family of four will “wind up” a rather big sum in the receipt. The calculation for adults and children is the same. And it doesn’t matter if the registered tenants live in the apartment. You will have to pay for everyone. A premonition of real overpayments for hot and cold water makes you think about the only legal way out of the situation – installing meters.
First, you need to document everything. After submitting the application, the management organization will give an answer to the technical feasibility of installing devices in your apartment. A positive decision involves drawing up a contract with an estimate and paying for it. You will have to shell out money for the meters themselves, additional equipment, and their installation. In different regions, the cost may vary. A preferential installation is also provided by the plumbing. After the installation and signing of the act, another application is written to change the system for calculating consumed water.
The devices calculate the water consumption per unit of time. The tachometer counter works on the principle of counting the number of rotations of the turbine associated with the counting mechanism. The turbine rotates under the action of the water flow in the pipe. It is separated from the water, it is located separately in the meter, which guarantees the accuracy of counting. Devices are made for industrial needs and for an accounting of expenses in apartments (individual). In addition to mechanical ones, there are electromagnetic, ultrasonic, and vortex (for industrial use).
The individual single-flow meter has anti-magnetic protection, it can be equipped with a pulse output that allows reading data remotely. Multi-jet have a lower error, can be easily removed during testing, allow reading data at a distance using a pulse input module.
Let’s calculate the amount of water used
Under existing norms, the monthly water consumption of a family of three is:
- cold – 17.1 cubic meters;
- hot – 11.7 cubic meters.
Add to this the drainage system. Living with three adults in the same family who are away from home during the working day gives a significantly different picture of costs. The maximum figures for hot water, in this case, are 5.2 cubic meters, cold water – 8.3. The calculation was made taking into account food preparation, wet cleaning, washing machine and dishwasher consumption, and a daily shower. And this is about half that!
According to rough estimates by the plumbing, the installation of meters pays for itself in six months. Whereas the warranty period is five years. For four and a half years, the family will have significant savings in water consumption.
Estimated schemes with actual consumption
In practice, there are calculation schemes that imply the removal of water consumption indicators from the whole house. Then the actual (and not the average) amount is split across all registered tenants. As a result, you can pay for the services of people illegally living in your house. You should also take into account the leakage of pipes in the house (not necessarily in your apartment) with a similar situation of additional charges. With the installation of meters, it will be necessary to pay for fair water consumption.